Substantive Editing

Substantive editing for non-fiction includes an examination of the whole text and suggestions for structural edits which might assist in the clear communication and presentation of ideas. Style, tone and voice will be addressed throughout the text.

Substantive editing for fiction includes an examination of the whole text and suggestions for story and scene structure, plot development, character development, dialogue, and the details of technique, including point of view, showing v. telling, descriptive and unique language, and voice.

Substantive editing also includes light copyediting. Sentences will be examined for flow and for clarity, removing repetition, finding the best balance of passive and active voice, and the best sentence structure.

Rate: $35-$45/hour*


Copyediting for fiction and non-fiction includes basic line editing, correcting grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and syntax problems.

Rate: $25-$30/hour*


Proofreading for fiction and non-fiction involves checking the changes on a copyedited text and giving a set of “final eyes” focused on spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Rate: $20-$25/hour*

Fiction Manuscript Critique

A manuscript critique offers feedback on the big issues of a fiction text. It addresses plot, character, and writing style, including clarity, voice, and tone.

Rate: Determined in agreement with author after initial evaluation of manuscript.


Copywriting services are available on virtually any topic. Copy may be developed from provided notes or from research on the topic in question.

Rate: TBD


Carolyn teaches seminars on topics in fiction and non-fiction writing as well as social media marketing. She teaches academic and creative writing at the collegiate level and for middle school and high school home school groups.

Contact her for more information on seminar topics or to discuss having her teach your home school group at carolyn@carolyncgivens.com.

*Final rates are set in agreement with the client. Editing rates are based on average speeds of 2,500 words/hour for substantive editing and 3,500 words/hour for copyediting and proofreading.